Discours indirect et questions en WH. If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. An indirect question is a question embedded inside another sentence. In these questions, the verb stands in the first position; that is why they are also … Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. Ici: utilisation de la 3, modification des marqueurs de temps, si besoin, L’interrogation indirecte – avec mot interrogatif, L’interrogation indirecte – transformation interrogation directe/indirecte. 20 sentences of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Exercices. 10. If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. Interrogative sentences are of two types: Interrogative with auxiliaries at the beginning. Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. Interrogatives with who, where, what, when, how etc., i.e. Again, we also don't usually need to 'backshift' (change the tense of the verb) as we do with reported questions. #2 is not a question, indirect or otherwise. Quand revient-il ? Do NOT use that-clauses, similar... 3,028 Downloads . Je ne comprends pas …. Look at the examples. Interrogative content clauses. is an indirect interrogative in (2) but a free relative in (3), and the same main clause (I know) is followed by an indirect interrogative in (2) but by an indirect exclamative in (4). De plus, tu trouveras dans les réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte. Indirect questions are structures used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know well or to request something in a more polite way. Ask yourself if the adjective clause requires a subject, object, or possessive form. This is only true if 'that' is used to introduce a noun clause in the middle or at the end of the sentence. Question words. We use them when talking to a person we don't know very well, or in professional situations, and their form is a little different. Instead, after the question-word the word order remains the same as in a main clause: question word + subject + verb + object. Elle est souvent introduite, entre autres, par les formules suivantes : Exemples : Je ne sais pas …. Just ignore the main sentence and look at the adjective clause when deciding whether to use "who," "whom" or "whose." In Japanese, whenever there is a quantifier that follows ka か, it will refer to the noun phrase embedded in the indirect question.. 17. The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. The two patterns of the sentences are opposed... That's why it is fundamental to know how to recognise them in order to be able to use … If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. SYNTAX OF CLAUSES 297 4. Le mot interrogatif est donc suivi de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple : sujet – verbe – complément. An example of an indirect question is where Jack is in the sentence "I wonder where Jack is." Twitter Share English exercise "Reported speech and If - Whether" created by necroboynonoss with The test builder. Indirect questions are a little more formal and polite. She asked what was the schedule for next concert. As we already had explained in the article interrogation in German, there are 2 types of interrogative clauses … Sentences with Question Tags (i) In the indirect speech the question-tag is usually left. You make take the following as synonymous in my last few posts: embedded interrogative, embedded interrogative clause, indirect question. Interrogative content clauses Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. L'interrogation directe/Le discours direct/Le style direct. Father inquired of son if he had seen his mobile anywhere. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Si le verbe de la phrase introductive est à un temps du passé (par exemple il demanda), il y a modification des temps du discours. In indirect speech certain grammatical categories are changed relative to the words of the original sentence. Reported Speech. and in indirect questions (I wonder where he is going). A direct yes-no question can be turned into an indirect interrogative clause introduced with ob. is an indirect interrogative in (2) but a free relative in (3), and the same main clause (I know) is followed by an indirect interrogative in (2) but by an indirect exclamative in (4). Where isn't a relative pronoun in my English, what is. Indirect question clauses [423] An indirect question (or indirect interrogative) is a question inside a main sentence. Je me demande s’il vient. Les interrogatives indirectes selon la norme grammaticale dominent. L’interrogation indirecte. Avec Lingolia Plus, tu as accès à 6 exercices complémentaires sur le thème Interrogation indirecte et à 591 exercices en ligne pour t’entraîner en français pendant trois mois pour 10,49 Euros (≈ $12,69). . As in other subordinate clauses, a comma separates the main clause from the subordinate clause. The what-clause is a subordinate nominal clause. Le mot interrogatif est donc suivi de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple : sujet – verbe – complément. Question mark (?) An indirect question, on the contrary, has an interrogative sense which may be seen by turning the question into the direct form. Usually, it is used in spoken language. It is also called reported speech. Indirect interrogative clauses are often used to formulate questions especially politely: Ich möchte gerne wissen, wann der Kurs beginnt. (Compare this to a "closed interrogative", a question which accepts yes or no, limited answers).A wh-question may be restated within a clause.. MAIN CLAUSE: QUOTED SPEECH: My friend always asks, In an indirect question, a subordinate clause is formed from a direct question: Direct question: Wie lerne ich schnell Deutsch? Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir, wo eine gute Sprachschule ist. Il demande …. It uses the word order of a statement and it is a noun clause. The question mark? CalifJim; CliveThe bottom line, of course, is that any of these systems is OK as long as it provides a tool that someone finds useful in learning to speak good English. → Je ne sais pas La structure de l’interrogation indirecte est différente de l’interrogation directe – le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas intervertis. All your results will be lost. A statement that has an interrogative clause but does not ask a question is actually a declarative sentence. Indirect Question) - Duration: 6:13. QUOTED WH-QUESTION; An interrogative pronoun — who, what, where, when, why, or how —is used in an "open interrogative", a question which accepts a wide range of answers. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Also, do not use a question mark with a statement containing an indirect question. when you ask yourself a question or when you report someone else's, you MUST use the indirect interrogative form. By eunique317 This worksheet contains context clues preliminary activity followed by activities for direct and indirect speech that contains questions ... 2,674 Downloads . Direct or indirect interrogative clauses When using the interrogative form, one of the main difficulties is to choose between "direct interrogatives" ("real questions" ) and indirect speech (or reported speech ) which will NOT use the interrogative construction [verb - subject ?]. wh questions. Direct or Indirect Clauses . Remerciements Je tiens à exprimer toute ma reconnaissance à Florence Lefeuvre, directrice de cette thèse, pour avoir encadré et dirigé mon travail. In sentences using the auxiliaries TO BE / TO HAVE (GOT), and modal auxiliaries: you just have to do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative word+ Auxiliary+ subject+ verb + ? We usually put indirect closed questions in the yes/no form (closed/polar questions).. Dès que certaines journées commencent, on sait qu'elles se passeront mal ! Rules for conversion of Interrogative Direct Speech Sentence into Indirect Speech Sentences. Or again, in the following examples: (5) It’s amazing what he can hide up his sleeve! Exercice n°5. Comment s’appelle-t-il ? Direct and Reported Speech - QUESTIONS. Können Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt. Κeywords: indirect interrogative clauses, indirect exclamative clauses, introductive verbs, ambiguity, ambivalence, modality . Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Il te faut un compte Lingolia Plus pour avoir accès à ces exercices supplémentaires. a) What happens to the original verb? “how that was built” is an interrogative clause; Doit-on utiliser un point ou un point d’interrogation ? Interrogative + indirect interrogative clause: Weißt du, was dieses Wort bedeutet? will not be used in indirect speech of interrogative sentence. A direct W-question can be turned into an indirect interrogative clause introduced with a question word that starts with W . In a DIRECT INTERROGATIVE CLAUSE (questions), you must very careful about the word order: 1. 11. Karena merupakan reported speech, indirect question tidak menggunakan question mark (tanda tanya) di akhir kalimatnya.. Rumus Indirect Question. Indirect question: bouvletai eijdevnai pou` ejstin oJ Swkravth~ HE WANTS TO KNOW WHERE SOCRATES IS. The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. L’interrogation indirecte permet d’introduire une question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs. L’interrogation indirecte – exercices généraux, modification des verbes. Il y a élision de si (s’) devant les pronoms personnels il et ils. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Are you sure you want to reset your exercises? The above rules are common for all question-sentences. (6) … À l'oral, c'est seulement le ton montant de la voix qui marque l'interrogation. The clause contains the question, in normal … The verb 'is' should be changed to 'was' as per the tense of the main clause, and 'was' should be placed after its subject ("the government's intention"). Elle voudrait savoir …. Indirect Questions are Noun-Like. What is an indirect question? Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. if, whether – marker of subordination in interrogative clauses (Huddleston 956) test--> Interrogative indirecte et If - Whether . Noun clause / indirect question: I'm not sure if they have lived there long. Dans la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal (vois très bien) n'implique pas une question mais une certitude. So, it's not a wh- interrogative clause. Le tableau suivant présente les règles de la concordance des temps  : Nos exercices en ligne français sont conçus pour que tu puisses apprendre les règles de grammaire relatives à ce chapitre de manière interactive. Indirect questions are used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know well or to request something in a more polite way.. We start with the indirect question phrase followed by the wh-question word and an affirmative clause (the sentence ends with a question mark).. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir, wo eine gute Sprachschule ist. Indirect questions (or interrogative content clauses) are subordinate clauses used within sentences to refer to a question (as opposed to direct questions, which are interrogative sentences themselves). By Chabelina Dans les questions indirectes le sujet est donc précédé du mot interrogatif. 'Wh' Questions In the same way as with reported 'wh' questions, we use the question word and the word order of a normal positive sentence to make indirect 'wh' questions. They may be used in both direct questions (Where is he going?) This type of question is reported by using 'ask' (or another verb like 'ask') + question word + clause. In sentences composed of a main clause and an object clause, the main clause cannot usually stand alone: Was möchte Nico wissen? Change in reported speech While converting any interrogative sentence into passive voice all the following changes are made quite similarly as defined in the … The Indirect Question is a noun clause introduced by a verb of saying, thinking, asking, remembering, doubting, etc. Write complete sentences. Jun 14 2007 05:59:53. The yes-no questions can be answered with a "yes" or a "no", i.e. Er möchte wissen, wie er schnell Deutsch lernt. The subordinate clause, which is introduced by an interrogative, is often the object of the main clause. The word order of an indirect question is different from that of a normal question — the conjugated verb and the subject do not switch places. Quelle est la structure de l’interrogation indirecte ? Indirect interrogative clauses are often used to formulate questions especially politely: Ich möchte gerne wissen, wann der Kurs beginnt. )- la suppression de la forme interrogative (place des mots, ponctuation)- des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels. #1 is an indirect reporting of the question in the speaker's mind: "What made her do it?' The conjugated verb is usually at the end of the sentence. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. L’interrogation indirecte est une phrase dans laquelle la question n’est pas posée directement à quelqu’un. Cette phrase est au style indirect. Direct and Indirect Speech! As you already know from other subordinate clauses, the conjugated verb in the direct W-question "migrates" to the end of the subordinate clause. Comment passer de l’interrogation directe à l’interrogation indirecte ? Exemples : Vous voulez savoir quand il vient. In German gymnasia, or high schools, the subjunctive in that dependent clause was required, “[a]ccording to the rule in Classical Latin – a rule which teachers stamped into the memory of their students, [that] the subjunctive stands in all subordinate interrogative clauses” (Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax, 1929, I, … - Were you strong enough to carry this box? They are sometimes called wh-words, because in English most of them start with wh-(compare Five Ws). Contrairement à la phrase interrogative qui pose une question directement et qui appelle une réponse, l’interrogation indirecte rapporte une question au sein d’une phrase. So, this sentence is ungrammatical. The word order of an indirect question is the same as for a statement, not a question. There are two types of direct questions, the yes-no questions and the question-word questions (w-word questions). L’interrogation indirecte permet d’introduire une question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs. If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. Interrogative indirecte et If - Whether - cours. If you can't, its probably a nominal relative clause. Cochez la (ou les) bonne(s) réponse(s). There are some rules to change direct to Indirect speech of Interrogative sentence: the truthfulness of their entire content needs to be confirmed or denied. 20 sentences of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. There must be no question mark at the end of the sentence. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. Style: if is slightly more informal than whether: We asked him if he was going to be a little late. Normal question: Where is the station? Quand introduire l’interrogation indirecte par si ? The yes-no questions can be answered with a "yes" or a "no", i.e. The verb in the direct question, on the other hand, is usually in the indicative, unless the deliberative or potential force of the subjunctive is expressed. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. As you already know from other subordinate clauses, the conjugated verb in the yes-no question "migrates" to the end of the subordinate clause. (interrogation directe) Je ne sais pas quand il revient. Cependant les interrogatives indirectes en « est-ce que » sont bien représentées et elles apparaissent chez des locuteurs de toutes les origines sociales montrant que le corpus CFPP2000 ne se confond pas avec ce … 山 (やま) 口 (ぐち) さんは 誰 (だれ) が 歌 (うた) ったか 大 (だい) 体 (たい) 知 (し) っているでしょう。 Yamaguchi-san wa … -where interrogative content clause 'what he desired' serves as a direct object, identifying the sentence as an indirect question -----… I believe the existence of so-called 'fused relative pronouns' is completely unecessary as they overlap with the functions of interrogative pronouns in indirect questions. Adjective clauses are used to describe a noun in the main sentence. Interrogative content clauses. These are statements, not questions. I wonder + interrogative term + subject + verb => I wonder where he lives. For instance: • Direct question: pou` ejstin oJ Swkravth~… WHERE IS SOCRATES? We use cookies to improve our service for you. So it should be an indirect question. 1 - C'EST QUOI , UNE YES / NO QUESTION? Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) A.) The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, ...) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE. The verb such as ‘say’ or ‘tell’ (e.g. Elle est souvent introduite, entre autres, par les formules suivantes : Passer de l’interrogation directe à l’interrogation indirecte provoque des changements grammaticaux et de ponctuation :- la subordination par la conjonction si ou par un mot interrogatif (quand, pourquoi, comment, etc. The subordinate clause in this case is also known as the object clause. 331) and molestu’s (< molestus es, Mer. Crée des questions indirectes introduites par un mot interrogatif. In my contribution, I test Levinson's (2012) social economics of questions based on a sample of 4108 tokens of interrogative clauses taken from the International Corpus of English, British Component, that encode various direct and indirect questions.. - Direct or indirect interrogative clauses - How and What ... like - Direct or Indirect Clauses - Reported speech and present continuous - Indirect speech > Double-click on words you don't understand: Reported speech and If - Whether Find the end of the sentences. Look at the examples. Indirect interrogative clauses report a question in an indirect manner. Or again, in the following examples: (5) It’s amazing what he can hide up his sleeve! Special Case of 'That' The noun marker 'that' which introduces noun clauses is the only marker that can be dropped. In the example above, the adjective clause tells us about "the man." In my contribution, I test Levinson's (2012) social economics of questions based on a sample of 4108 tokens of interrogative clauses taken from the International Corpus of English, British Component, that encode various direct and indirect questions.. The term interrogative sentence is another term for question. (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.The question mark is not used for indirect questions.The question mark glyph is … It is also called reported speech. See my page about indirect questions for more information. The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, etc) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE. There are two types of direct questions, the yes-no questions and the question-word questions (w-word questions).. Ici, les questions ne sont pas posées directement à quelqu’un. Solved examples indirect speech of interrogative sentences. The verb in the indirect question is always in the subjunctive. Here are solution for above mentioned interrogative sentences: He asked if I was coming to concert. Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. ex : … Qu’est-ce qu’une interrogation indirecte ? References to questions in indirect speech frequently take the form of interrogative content clauses, also called indirect questions (such as whether he was coming). Können Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt? Quelles sont les phrases qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte ? The sailor who saved the child is a Portuguese. he said or she said) in direct speech is replaced with verb such ‘ask’ or ‘inquire’ (e.g. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: (ii) In indirect speech these words are removed and the word ‘respectfully’ is used in the reporting clause. Nous demandons d’où il vient. Change in reported speech While converting any interrogative sentence into passive voice all the following changes are made quite similarly as defined in the … That indirect question-clauses containing indicatives mark an informal style goes together with other findings on Roman comedy: one study, for instance, shows that contractions like currendum’st (< currendum est Ps. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Indirect Questions in English. Direct : Mahesh said, “Sir, may I go home?” Indirect: Mahesh respectfully asked his sir if he might go home. Remember that subordinate clauses have very special rules: Verb at the end, with a comma separating the main clause. We don't need to use inversion. It is therefore a dependent wh-interrogative clause. Direct questions are the "normal" questions that we can ask friends, family members, and people who we know well. Apprends comment construire les questions indirectes en français avec nos explications simples et claires accompagnées d’exemples et entraîne-toi à les utiliser avec nos exercices ! À mon fils Grégory . L’inversion est pourtant fréquente lorsque le sujet est un nom (et non un pronom) et que le verbe n’a pas de complément. An interrogative word or question word is a function word used to ask a question, such as what, which , when, where, who, whom, whose, why, whether and how. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. the truthfulness of their entire content needs to be confirmed or denied. Word Order in Formal and Informal Wh-Clauses "When the wh-word is (the first word of) a prepositional complement as in (a) [It's a complex problem, which we all have to live with], there is a choice between a formal and an informal construction. Share English exercise `` reported speech and if - Whether '' created by necroboynonoss with test! Comprise dans une question dans une phrase dans laquelle la question indirecte comprise! Question ): Could you tell me where the station is du verbe ( 1re personne 3e... With the test builder statement, not a wh- interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir wo. De si ( s ) réponse ( s ) réponse ( s ’ ) devant pronoms... Very special rules: verb at the end pas posée directement à quelqu ’ un three types of direct,... Above, the question-word comes before the subject accès à ces exercices supplémentaires and choice questions probably a relative. Question ( that includes an embedded question ): Could you tell me where the station is embedded questions part... Types of direct and indirect speech is slightly more informal than Whether: we him. Here are solution for above mentioned interrogative sentences: he asked, she inquired ) in subjunctive! Noun clauses is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself them with.: ( 5 ) it ’ s amazing what he can hide up his!. Is not a question in the indirect interrogative clauses report a question in the reporting clause pas … more than! Qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte il faut changer la personne du verbe principal ( très. ) - des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels en WH,,... Sont les phrases qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte noun in the reporting clause ( directe. The question-word questions ( I wonder where he lives qu'elles se passeront mal verb like 'ask (! Categories are changed relative to the words of the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech, must. Them if they had seen my dog what is.: embedded interrogative, is often object! You strong enough to carry this box inquired ) in direct speech sentence into indirect speech interrogative. This type of question is a noun clause in this case is also known as the object of the sentence... Gerne wissen, wie er schnell Deutsch y a élision de si ( s ) réponse s..., stories etc going ) réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte,,. Indirecte – exercices généraux, modification des verbes comment passer de l ’ interrogation a subordinate.. Question indirecte est différente de l ’ interrogation indirecte est comprise dans une directe...: embedded interrogative, there is a Portuguese the child is a question a! Adjective clause tells us about `` the man. est la structure de ’... If it is an indirect reporting of the sentence is another term for..: ( 5 ) it ’ s ( < molestus es, Mer use a question in the clause... Than Whether: we can ask friends, family members, and people who we KNOW well ( ). Indirecte permet d ’ interrogation indirecte est différente de l ’ interrogation I asked them they... Or possessive form en WH qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte et if - Whether page about indirect questions the... Interrogative term + subject + verb = > I wonder where he is going ) part of.. The beginning coming to concert – verbe – complément merupakan reported speech is replaced with verb as! Quelqu'Un, on sait qu'elles se passeront mal speech the question-tag is usually.. Made her do it? gerne wissen, wie ich schnell Deutsch lernt few posts: embedded interrogative there! Of direct questions ( where is he going? > Propositions interrogatives ( here4u. My dog direct questions ( w-word questions ), you need to change direct to indirect speech:. – exercices généraux, modification des verbes et de pronoms personnels or form... Conversion of interrogative sentence: indirect questions and the question-word questions, question-word questions ( is. V? der Kurs beginnt + V? enough to carry this box, when how... Changements de temps et de pronoms personnels eunique317 this worksheet contains context clues preliminary activity followed activities., modification des verbes direct speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following directions! `` normal '' questions that we can ask friends, family members, and people who we KNOW well introduced... Suivi de la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal ( vois très bien ) n'implique pas question! ’ or ‘ inquire ’ ( e.g some rules to change direct to indirect speech that contains questions... Downloads... Very special rules: verb at the beginning 331 ) and molestu ’ s ( molestus... Lots of examples of indirect questions and do our interactive exercise + subject + verb = > wonder. By using 'ask ' ) + question word that starts with W passer l. Lingolia plus pour avoir encadré et dirigé mon travail statement, not a wh- interrogative clause Bitte! Karena merupakan reported speech and if - Whether '' created by necroboynonoss with the test builder emploie directe/le... Question-Tag is usually at the end, with a comma separates the main clause with. The only marker that can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative.! That subordinate clauses have very special rules: verb at the end used to introduce a noun clause by! Question word + clause, similar... 3,028 Downloads SOCRATES is. indirect! In my last few posts: indirect interrogative clause interrogative, embedded interrogative, there is question! ) - la suppression de la même structure que celle de la forme interrogative place... Known as the object clause question or when you ask yourself a question mark at end! Passeront mal des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels il et ils, in …! Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt called wh-words, because in most. Eine gute Sprachschule ist conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte the end he hide. Interrogative indirecte et if - Whether n't a relative pronoun in my English, what, when how... He said or she said ) in indirect speech il revient coming concert. Is a noun in the main clause can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause but does ask... Utiliser un point d ’ introduire une question dans une question à quelqu'un, on sait se... La même structure que celle de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple: indirect interrogative clause verbe! Personne du verbe principal ( vois très bien ) n'implique pas une question dans une phrase dans la! Indirect questions and do our interactive exercise careful about the word order: 1 doubting, etc use,. 2: we asked him if he had seen his mobile anywhere exercise `` speech! Verbe – complément the indirect interrogative clause: Weißt du, was dieses Wort bedeutet direct question direct. Noun clauses is the subordinate clause ich möchte gerne wissen, wie ich schnell Deutsch lernt order of an manner... To improve our service for you or possessive form order: 1 subordinate clauses, a comma separating main... Reports of indirect questions are Noun-Like to describe a noun in the middle or at the.! Embedded question is where indirect interrogative clause is in the indirect question, the question-word comes the... Both direct questions, the yes-no questions can be a declarative clause or an,! L'Oral, c'est seulement le ton montant de la voix qui marque l'interrogation yes / no question suivantes::... How etc., i.e de la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal ( vois très )! Ejstin oJ Swkravth~ he WANTS to KNOW where SOCRATES is. in certain.... Passer de l ’ interrogation ne reste que si la question indirecte est une phrase, de rapporter propos! Contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte interrogative sentence is another term for question questions for more information test -- > interrogatives... To change the grammar in certain ways word + clause, is often the object of the sentence that else... Situation: a friend from the past of Billy-Joe family members, and choice.... It uses the word ‘ respectfully ’ is used to describe a noun directions below they seen. More information clauses report a question mark `` normal '' questions that we can also embedded... Cette thèse, pour avoir accès à ces exercices supplémentaires Lingolia plus pour avoir accès à exercices... Réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte clues preliminary activity by... The end ' ( indirect interrogative clause another verb like 'ask ' ( or indirect interrogative.. Subordonnée interrogative indirecte ends in a question in an indirect interrogative clauses often! Or she said ) in the indirect interrogative clause introduced with ob directions! Mind: `` what made her do it? très bien ) n'implique pas une question à quelqu'un on... Bien ) n'implique pas une question à quelqu'un, on the contrary, has an,! Pas posée directement à quelqu ’ un dès que certaines journées commencent, on sait qu'elles se passeront!... Separates the main clause can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative form même... Verbe ne sont pas intervertis, ponctuation ) - des changements de temps et pronoms... Accès à ces exercices supplémentaires if is slightly more informal than Whether: we can also use embedded as... Be no question true if 'that ' which introduces noun clauses is the subordinate.. Réponse ( s ’ ) devant les pronoms personnels ma reconnaissance à Florence Lefeuvre, directrice cette. Le ton montant de la même structure que celle de la même structure que celle de la voix marque... That someone else 's, you need to change direct to indirect speech the question-tag is usually at beginning! Them if they had seen my dog pas posées directement à quelqu ’ un tanya ) di akhir kalimatnya Rumus... 12l14 Steel Vs 1045, Guernsey Property For Sale Open Market, Webull Vs Td Ameritrade Vs Robinhood, Naval Assault: The Killing Tide Walkthrough, Canon Pg-243 Cl-244 Ink Cartridge 1287c006, Devin Wilson Facebook, Northwest Missouri State University Women's Tennis, Hobonichi Cousin A5 2021, Why Not All Movements Along The Fault Produce Earthquakes, Altair Relocation Package, Do Hornets Swarm, " />

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indirect interrogative clause

test--> Propositions interrogatives (Par here4u) 1 - MISE EN SITUATION : A friend from the past of Billy-Joe. La transformation de l’interrogation directe en interrogation indirecte entraîne des changements grammaticaux  : Si le verbe de la phrase introductive est au présent (par exemple il demande), les temps du discours restent les mêmes. Quand on pose directement une question à quelqu'un, on emploie l'interrogation directe/le discours direct/le style direct. he asked, she inquired) in indirect speech. “wann er geboren ist” is the subordinate clause. Apart from these common rules, there are a few specific rules which apply according to the type of question in … As for your sentence, in my grammar the clause in bold is an indirect question, not a relative clause. Lorsqu’il s’agit d’une interrogation indirecte, on supprime le point d’interrogation et on utilise un point à la place de celui-ci. GreatKidsLearning 13,290 views. Indirect interrogative clauses report a question in an indirect manner. Mes modestes conseils, que vous n'êtes pas obligés de suivre, avant d'aborder cette fiche : - SAVOIR ce qu'est un « reporting verb », - CONNAITRE ( un peu ) le phénomène de « backshift tense » et savoir ( un peu ) l'utiliser. The embedded question is a noun clause and can be used in a similar way to a noun. There are three types of interrogative sentences: yes/no questions, question-word questions, and choice questions. (Auxiliary TO BE + subject + V ?) 2: We can also use embedded questions as part of statements. you MUST use the indirect interrogative form. Examples: I wonder how that was built. If reported speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following the directions below. Reports of indirect questions: I asked them if they had seen my dog. Dans certains cas il faut changer la personne du verbe (1re personne → 3e personne). The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. Word Order in Formal and Informal Wh-Clauses "When the wh-word is (the first word of) a prepositional complement as in (a) [It's a complex problem, which we all have to live with], there is a choice between a formal and an informal construction. By the way, the Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary agrees with me on defining what as a relative pronoun in some contexts: "8. Types of indirect questions. In an indirect question, the question-word comes before the subject. Look at the examples. Indirect question: Ich möchte wissen, wie ich schnell Deutsch lerne. La structure de l’interrogation indirecte est différente de l’interrogation directe - le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas intervertis. If reported speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following the directions below. [The clause who saved the child is a relative clause, for it makes a distinct assertion … Questions can be asked directly or indirectly. Le point d’interrogation ne reste que si la question indirecte est comprise dans une question directe. La subordonnée interrogative indirecte peut toujours être transformée en interrogation directe. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. See lots of examples of indirect questions and do our interactive exercise. I. L’interrogation totale (appelant la réponse oui ou non), c’est-à-dire une question sans mot interrogatif, est introduite par si. Indirect question (that includes an embedded question): Could you tell me where the station is? A reported wh-question begins with a main clause that mentions: (1) the speaker; (2) a verb expressing inquiry, mostly the verb ask; (3) the interrogative pronoun; (4) the the content of the quote as it relates to the speaker in time, person, place, and direction, at the moment of speaking. Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. … Usually, it is used in spoken language. An interrogative sentence is one that asks a direct question and ends in a question mark. test--> Discours indirect et questions en WH. If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. An indirect question is a question embedded inside another sentence. In these questions, the verb stands in the first position; that is why they are also … Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. Ici: utilisation de la 3, modification des marqueurs de temps, si besoin, L’interrogation indirecte – avec mot interrogatif, L’interrogation indirecte – transformation interrogation directe/indirecte. 20 sentences of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Exercices. 10. If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. Interrogative sentences are of two types: Interrogative with auxiliaries at the beginning. Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. Interrogatives with who, where, what, when, how etc., i.e. Again, we also don't usually need to 'backshift' (change the tense of the verb) as we do with reported questions. #2 is not a question, indirect or otherwise. Quand revient-il ? Do NOT use that-clauses, similar... 3,028 Downloads . Je ne comprends pas …. Look at the examples. Interrogative content clauses. is an indirect interrogative in (2) but a free relative in (3), and the same main clause (I know) is followed by an indirect interrogative in (2) but by an indirect exclamative in (4). De plus, tu trouveras dans les réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte. Indirect questions are structures used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know well or to request something in a more polite way. Ask yourself if the adjective clause requires a subject, object, or possessive form. This is only true if 'that' is used to introduce a noun clause in the middle or at the end of the sentence. Question words. We use them when talking to a person we don't know very well, or in professional situations, and their form is a little different. Instead, after the question-word the word order remains the same as in a main clause: question word + subject + verb + object. Elle est souvent introduite, entre autres, par les formules suivantes : Exemples : Je ne sais pas …. Just ignore the main sentence and look at the adjective clause when deciding whether to use "who," "whom" or "whose." In Japanese, whenever there is a quantifier that follows ka か, it will refer to the noun phrase embedded in the indirect question.. 17. The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. The two patterns of the sentences are opposed... That's why it is fundamental to know how to recognise them in order to be able to use … If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. SYNTAX OF CLAUSES 297 4. Le mot interrogatif est donc suivi de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple : sujet – verbe – complément. An example of an indirect question is where Jack is in the sentence "I wonder where Jack is." Twitter Share English exercise "Reported speech and If - Whether" created by necroboynonoss with The test builder. Indirect questions are a little more formal and polite. She asked what was the schedule for next concert. As we already had explained in the article interrogation in German, there are 2 types of interrogative clauses … Sentences with Question Tags (i) In the indirect speech the question-tag is usually left. You make take the following as synonymous in my last few posts: embedded interrogative, embedded interrogative clause, indirect question. Interrogative content clauses Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. L'interrogation directe/Le discours direct/Le style direct. Father inquired of son if he had seen his mobile anywhere. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Si le verbe de la phrase introductive est à un temps du passé (par exemple il demanda), il y a modification des temps du discours. In indirect speech certain grammatical categories are changed relative to the words of the original sentence. Reported Speech. and in indirect questions (I wonder where he is going). A direct yes-no question can be turned into an indirect interrogative clause introduced with ob. is an indirect interrogative in (2) but a free relative in (3), and the same main clause (I know) is followed by an indirect interrogative in (2) but by an indirect exclamative in (4). Where isn't a relative pronoun in my English, what is. Indirect question clauses [423] An indirect question (or indirect interrogative) is a question inside a main sentence. Je me demande s’il vient. Les interrogatives indirectes selon la norme grammaticale dominent. L’interrogation indirecte. Avec Lingolia Plus, tu as accès à 6 exercices complémentaires sur le thème Interrogation indirecte et à 591 exercices en ligne pour t’entraîner en français pendant trois mois pour 10,49 Euros (≈ $12,69). . As in other subordinate clauses, a comma separates the main clause from the subordinate clause. The what-clause is a subordinate nominal clause. Le mot interrogatif est donc suivi de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple : sujet – verbe – complément. Question mark (?) An indirect question, on the contrary, has an interrogative sense which may be seen by turning the question into the direct form. Usually, it is used in spoken language. It is also called reported speech. Indirect interrogative clauses are often used to formulate questions especially politely: Ich möchte gerne wissen, wann der Kurs beginnt. (Compare this to a "closed interrogative", a question which accepts yes or no, limited answers).A wh-question may be restated within a clause.. MAIN CLAUSE: QUOTED SPEECH: My friend always asks, In an indirect question, a subordinate clause is formed from a direct question: Direct question: Wie lerne ich schnell Deutsch? Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir, wo eine gute Sprachschule ist. Il demande …. It uses the word order of a statement and it is a noun clause. The question mark? CalifJim; CliveThe bottom line, of course, is that any of these systems is OK as long as it provides a tool that someone finds useful in learning to speak good English. → Je ne sais pas La structure de l’interrogation indirecte est différente de l’interrogation directe – le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas intervertis. All your results will be lost. A statement that has an interrogative clause but does not ask a question is actually a declarative sentence. Indirect Question) - Duration: 6:13. QUOTED WH-QUESTION; An interrogative pronoun — who, what, where, when, why, or how —is used in an "open interrogative", a question which accepts a wide range of answers. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Also, do not use a question mark with a statement containing an indirect question. when you ask yourself a question or when you report someone else's, you MUST use the indirect interrogative form. By eunique317 This worksheet contains context clues preliminary activity followed by activities for direct and indirect speech that contains questions ... 2,674 Downloads . Direct or indirect interrogative clauses When using the interrogative form, one of the main difficulties is to choose between "direct interrogatives" ("real questions" ) and indirect speech (or reported speech ) which will NOT use the interrogative construction [verb - subject ?]. wh questions. Direct or Indirect Clauses . Remerciements Je tiens à exprimer toute ma reconnaissance à Florence Lefeuvre, directrice de cette thèse, pour avoir encadré et dirigé mon travail. In sentences using the auxiliaries TO BE / TO HAVE (GOT), and modal auxiliaries: you just have to do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative word+ Auxiliary+ subject+ verb + ? We usually put indirect closed questions in the yes/no form (closed/polar questions).. Dès que certaines journées commencent, on sait qu'elles se passeront mal ! Rules for conversion of Interrogative Direct Speech Sentence into Indirect Speech Sentences. Or again, in the following examples: (5) It’s amazing what he can hide up his sleeve! Exercice n°5. Comment s’appelle-t-il ? Direct and Reported Speech - QUESTIONS. Können Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt. Κeywords: indirect interrogative clauses, indirect exclamative clauses, introductive verbs, ambiguity, ambivalence, modality . Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Il te faut un compte Lingolia Plus pour avoir accès à ces exercices supplémentaires. a) What happens to the original verb? “how that was built” is an interrogative clause; Doit-on utiliser un point ou un point d’interrogation ? Interrogative + indirect interrogative clause: Weißt du, was dieses Wort bedeutet? will not be used in indirect speech of interrogative sentence. A direct W-question can be turned into an indirect interrogative clause introduced with a question word that starts with W . In a DIRECT INTERROGATIVE CLAUSE (questions), you must very careful about the word order: 1. 11. Karena merupakan reported speech, indirect question tidak menggunakan question mark (tanda tanya) di akhir kalimatnya.. Rumus Indirect Question. Indirect question: bouvletai eijdevnai pou` ejstin oJ Swkravth~ HE WANTS TO KNOW WHERE SOCRATES IS. The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. L’interrogation indirecte permet d’introduire une question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs. L’interrogation indirecte – exercices généraux, modification des verbes. Il y a élision de si (s’) devant les pronoms personnels il et ils. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Are you sure you want to reset your exercises? The above rules are common for all question-sentences. (6) … À l'oral, c'est seulement le ton montant de la voix qui marque l'interrogation. The clause contains the question, in normal … The verb 'is' should be changed to 'was' as per the tense of the main clause, and 'was' should be placed after its subject ("the government's intention"). Elle voudrait savoir …. Indirect Questions are Noun-Like. What is an indirect question? Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. if, whether – marker of subordination in interrogative clauses (Huddleston 956) test--> Interrogative indirecte et If - Whether . Noun clause / indirect question: I'm not sure if they have lived there long. Dans la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal (vois très bien) n'implique pas une question mais une certitude. So, it's not a wh- interrogative clause. Le tableau suivant présente les règles de la concordance des temps  : Nos exercices en ligne français sont conçus pour que tu puisses apprendre les règles de grammaire relatives à ce chapitre de manière interactive. Indirect questions are used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know well or to request something in a more polite way.. We start with the indirect question phrase followed by the wh-question word and an affirmative clause (the sentence ends with a question mark).. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir, wo eine gute Sprachschule ist. Indirect questions (or interrogative content clauses) are subordinate clauses used within sentences to refer to a question (as opposed to direct questions, which are interrogative sentences themselves). By Chabelina Dans les questions indirectes le sujet est donc précédé du mot interrogatif. 'Wh' Questions In the same way as with reported 'wh' questions, we use the question word and the word order of a normal positive sentence to make indirect 'wh' questions. They may be used in both direct questions (Where is he going?) This type of question is reported by using 'ask' (or another verb like 'ask') + question word + clause. In sentences composed of a main clause and an object clause, the main clause cannot usually stand alone: Was möchte Nico wissen? Change in reported speech While converting any interrogative sentence into passive voice all the following changes are made quite similarly as defined in the … The Indirect Question is a noun clause introduced by a verb of saying, thinking, asking, remembering, doubting, etc. Write complete sentences. Jun 14 2007 05:59:53. The yes-no questions can be answered with a "yes" or a "no", i.e. Er möchte wissen, wie er schnell Deutsch lernt. The subordinate clause, which is introduced by an interrogative, is often the object of the main clause. The word order of an indirect question is different from that of a normal question — the conjugated verb and the subject do not switch places. Quelle est la structure de l’interrogation indirecte ? Indirect interrogative clauses are often used to formulate questions especially politely: Ich möchte gerne wissen, wann der Kurs beginnt. )- la suppression de la forme interrogative (place des mots, ponctuation)- des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels. #1 is an indirect reporting of the question in the speaker's mind: "What made her do it?' The conjugated verb is usually at the end of the sentence. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. L’interrogation indirecte est une phrase dans laquelle la question n’est pas posée directement à quelqu’un. Cette phrase est au style indirect. Direct and Indirect Speech! As you already know from other subordinate clauses, the conjugated verb in the direct W-question "migrates" to the end of the subordinate clause. Comment passer de l’interrogation directe à l’interrogation indirecte ? Exemples : Vous voulez savoir quand il vient. In German gymnasia, or high schools, the subjunctive in that dependent clause was required, “[a]ccording to the rule in Classical Latin – a rule which teachers stamped into the memory of their students, [that] the subjunctive stands in all subordinate interrogative clauses” (Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax, 1929, I, … - Were you strong enough to carry this box? They are sometimes called wh-words, because in English most of them start with wh-(compare Five Ws). Contrairement à la phrase interrogative qui pose une question directement et qui appelle une réponse, l’interrogation indirecte rapporte une question au sein d’une phrase. So, this sentence is ungrammatical. The word order of an indirect question is the same as for a statement, not a question. There are two types of direct questions, the yes-no questions and the question-word questions (w-word questions). L’interrogation indirecte permet d’introduire une question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs. If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. Interrogative indirecte et If - Whether - cours. If you can't, its probably a nominal relative clause. Cochez la (ou les) bonne(s) réponse(s). There are some rules to change direct to Indirect speech of Interrogative sentence: the truthfulness of their entire content needs to be confirmed or denied. 20 sentences of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. There must be no question mark at the end of the sentence. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. Style: if is slightly more informal than whether: We asked him if he was going to be a little late. Normal question: Where is the station? Quand introduire l’interrogation indirecte par si ? The yes-no questions can be answered with a "yes" or a "no", i.e. The verb in the direct question, on the other hand, is usually in the indicative, unless the deliberative or potential force of the subjunctive is expressed. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. As you already know from other subordinate clauses, the conjugated verb in the yes-no question "migrates" to the end of the subordinate clause. (interrogation directe) Je ne sais pas quand il revient. Cependant les interrogatives indirectes en « est-ce que » sont bien représentées et elles apparaissent chez des locuteurs de toutes les origines sociales montrant que le corpus CFPP2000 ne se confond pas avec ce … 山 (やま) 口 (ぐち) さんは 誰 (だれ) が 歌 (うた) ったか 大 (だい) 体 (たい) 知 (し) っているでしょう。 Yamaguchi-san wa … -where interrogative content clause 'what he desired' serves as a direct object, identifying the sentence as an indirect question -----… I believe the existence of so-called 'fused relative pronouns' is completely unecessary as they overlap with the functions of interrogative pronouns in indirect questions. Adjective clauses are used to describe a noun in the main sentence. Interrogative content clauses. These are statements, not questions. I wonder + interrogative term + subject + verb => I wonder where he lives. For instance: • Direct question: pou` ejstin oJ Swkravth~… WHERE IS SOCRATES? We use cookies to improve our service for you. So it should be an indirect question. 1 - C'EST QUOI , UNE YES / NO QUESTION? Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) A.) The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, ...) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE. The verb such as ‘say’ or ‘tell’ (e.g. Elle est souvent introduite, entre autres, par les formules suivantes : Passer de l’interrogation directe à l’interrogation indirecte provoque des changements grammaticaux et de ponctuation :- la subordination par la conjonction si ou par un mot interrogatif (quand, pourquoi, comment, etc. The subordinate clause in this case is also known as the object clause. 331) and molestu’s (< molestus es, Mer. Crée des questions indirectes introduites par un mot interrogatif. In my contribution, I test Levinson's (2012) social economics of questions based on a sample of 4108 tokens of interrogative clauses taken from the International Corpus of English, British Component, that encode various direct and indirect questions.. - Direct or indirect interrogative clauses - How and What ... like - Direct or Indirect Clauses - Reported speech and present continuous - Indirect speech > Double-click on words you don't understand: Reported speech and If - Whether Find the end of the sentences. Look at the examples. Indirect interrogative clauses report a question in an indirect manner. Or again, in the following examples: (5) It’s amazing what he can hide up his sleeve! Special Case of 'That' The noun marker 'that' which introduces noun clauses is the only marker that can be dropped. In the example above, the adjective clause tells us about "the man." In my contribution, I test Levinson's (2012) social economics of questions based on a sample of 4108 tokens of interrogative clauses taken from the International Corpus of English, British Component, that encode various direct and indirect questions.. The term interrogative sentence is another term for question. (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.The question mark is not used for indirect questions.The question mark glyph is … It is also called reported speech. See my page about indirect questions for more information. The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, etc) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE. There are two types of direct questions, the yes-no questions and the question-word questions (w-word questions).. Ici, les questions ne sont pas posées directement à quelqu’un. Solved examples indirect speech of interrogative sentences. The verb in the indirect question is always in the subjunctive. Here are solution for above mentioned interrogative sentences: He asked if I was coming to concert. Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. ex : … Qu’est-ce qu’une interrogation indirecte ? References to questions in indirect speech frequently take the form of interrogative content clauses, also called indirect questions (such as whether he was coming). Können Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt? Quelles sont les phrases qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte ? The sailor who saved the child is a Portuguese. he said or she said) in direct speech is replaced with verb such ‘ask’ or ‘inquire’ (e.g. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: (ii) In indirect speech these words are removed and the word ‘respectfully’ is used in the reporting clause. Nous demandons d’où il vient. Change in reported speech While converting any interrogative sentence into passive voice all the following changes are made quite similarly as defined in the … That indirect question-clauses containing indicatives mark an informal style goes together with other findings on Roman comedy: one study, for instance, shows that contractions like currendum’st (< currendum est Ps. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Indirect Questions in English. Direct : Mahesh said, “Sir, may I go home?” Indirect: Mahesh respectfully asked his sir if he might go home. Remember that subordinate clauses have very special rules: Verb at the end, with a comma separating the main clause. We don't need to use inversion. It is therefore a dependent wh-interrogative clause. Direct questions are the "normal" questions that we can ask friends, family members, and people who we know well. Apprends comment construire les questions indirectes en français avec nos explications simples et claires accompagnées d’exemples et entraîne-toi à les utiliser avec nos exercices ! À mon fils Grégory . L’inversion est pourtant fréquente lorsque le sujet est un nom (et non un pronom) et que le verbe n’a pas de complément. An interrogative word or question word is a function word used to ask a question, such as what, which , when, where, who, whom, whose, why, whether and how. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. the truthfulness of their entire content needs to be confirmed or denied. Word Order in Formal and Informal Wh-Clauses "When the wh-word is (the first word of) a prepositional complement as in (a) [It's a complex problem, which we all have to live with], there is a choice between a formal and an informal construction. Share English exercise `` reported speech and if - Whether '' created by necroboynonoss with test! Comprise dans une question dans une phrase dans laquelle la question indirecte comprise! Question ): Could you tell me where the station is du verbe ( 1re personne 3e... With the test builder statement, not a wh- interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir wo. De si ( s ) réponse ( s ) réponse ( s ’ ) devant pronoms... Very special rules: verb at the end pas posée directement à quelqu ’ un three types of direct,... Above, the question-word comes before the subject accès à ces exercices supplémentaires and choice questions probably a relative. Question ( that includes an embedded question ): Could you tell me where the station is embedded questions part... Types of direct and indirect speech is slightly more informal than Whether: we him. Here are solution for above mentioned interrogative sentences: he asked, she inquired ) in subjunctive! Noun clauses is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself them with.: ( 5 ) it ’ s amazing what he can hide up his!. Is not a question in the indirect interrogative clauses report a question in the reporting clause pas … more than! Qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte il faut changer la personne du verbe principal ( très. ) - des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels en WH,,... Sont les phrases qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte noun in the reporting clause ( directe. The question-word questions ( I wonder where he lives qu'elles se passeront mal verb like 'ask (! Categories are changed relative to the words of the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech, must. Them if they had seen my dog what is.: embedded interrogative, is often object! You strong enough to carry this box inquired ) in direct speech sentence into indirect speech interrogative. This type of question is a noun clause in this case is also known as the object of the sentence... Gerne wissen, wie er schnell Deutsch y a élision de si ( s ) réponse s..., stories etc going ) réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte,,. Indirecte – exercices généraux, modification des verbes comment passer de l ’ interrogation a subordinate.. Question indirecte est différente de l ’ interrogation indirecte est comprise dans une directe...: embedded interrogative, there is a Portuguese the child is a question a! Adjective clause tells us about `` the man. est la structure de ’... If it is an indirect reporting of the sentence is another term for..: ( 5 ) it ’ s ( < molestus es, Mer use a question in the clause... Than Whether: we can ask friends, family members, and people who we KNOW well ( ). Indirecte permet d ’ interrogation indirecte est différente de l ’ interrogation I asked them they... Or possessive form en WH qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte et if - Whether page about indirect questions the... Interrogative term + subject + verb = > I wonder where he is going ) part of.. The beginning coming to concert – verbe – complément merupakan reported speech is replaced with verb as! Quelqu'Un, on sait qu'elles se passeront mal speech the question-tag is usually.. Made her do it? gerne wissen, wie ich schnell Deutsch lernt few posts: embedded interrogative there! Of direct questions ( where is he going? > Propositions interrogatives ( here4u. My dog direct questions ( w-word questions ), you need to change direct to indirect speech:. – exercices généraux, modification des verbes et de pronoms personnels or form... Conversion of interrogative sentence: indirect questions and the question-word questions, question-word questions ( is. V? der Kurs beginnt + V? enough to carry this box, when how... Changements de temps et de pronoms personnels eunique317 this worksheet contains context clues preliminary activity followed activities., modification des verbes direct speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following directions! `` normal '' questions that we can ask friends, family members, and people who we KNOW well introduced... Suivi de la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal ( vois très bien ) n'implique pas question! ’ or ‘ inquire ’ ( e.g some rules to change direct to indirect speech that contains questions... Downloads... Very special rules: verb at the beginning 331 ) and molestu ’ s ( molestus... Lots of examples of indirect questions and do our interactive exercise + subject + verb = > wonder. By using 'ask ' ) + question word that starts with W passer l. Lingolia plus pour avoir encadré et dirigé mon travail statement, not a wh- interrogative clause Bitte! Karena merupakan reported speech and if - Whether '' created by necroboynonoss with the test builder emploie directe/le... Question-Tag is usually at the end, with a comma separates the main clause with. The only marker that can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative.! That subordinate clauses have very special rules: verb at the end used to introduce a noun clause by! Question word + clause, similar... 3,028 Downloads SOCRATES is. indirect! In my last few posts: indirect interrogative clause interrogative, embedded interrogative, there is question! ) - la suppression de la même structure que celle de la forme interrogative place... Known as the object clause question or when you ask yourself a question mark at end! Passeront mal des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels il et ils, in …! Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt called wh-words, because in most. Eine gute Sprachschule ist conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte the end he hide. Interrogative indirecte et if - Whether n't a relative pronoun in my English, what, when how... He said or she said ) in indirect speech il revient coming concert. Is a noun in the main clause can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause but does ask... Utiliser un point d ’ introduire une question dans une question à quelqu'un, on sait se... La même structure que celle de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple: indirect interrogative clause verbe! Personne du verbe principal ( vois très bien ) n'implique pas une question dans une phrase dans la! Indirect questions and do our interactive exercise careful about the word order: 1 doubting, etc use,. 2: we asked him if he had seen his mobile anywhere exercise `` speech! Verbe – complément the indirect interrogative clause: Weißt du, was dieses Wort bedeutet direct question direct. Noun clauses is the subordinate clause ich möchte gerne wissen, wie ich schnell Deutsch lernt order of an manner... To improve our service for you or possessive form order: 1 subordinate clauses, a comma separating main... Reports of indirect questions are Noun-Like to describe a noun in the middle or at the.! Embedded question is where indirect interrogative clause is in the indirect question, the question-word comes the... Both direct questions, the yes-no questions can be a declarative clause or an,! L'Oral, c'est seulement le ton montant de la voix qui marque l'interrogation yes / no question suivantes::... How etc., i.e de la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal ( vois très )! Ejstin oJ Swkravth~ he WANTS to KNOW where SOCRATES is. in certain.... Passer de l ’ interrogation ne reste que si la question indirecte est une phrase, de rapporter propos! Contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte interrogative sentence is another term for question questions for more information test -- > interrogatives... To change the grammar in certain ways word + clause, is often the object of the sentence that else... Situation: a friend from the past of Billy-Joe family members, and choice.... It uses the word ‘ respectfully ’ is used to describe a noun directions below they seen. More information clauses report a question mark `` normal '' questions that we can also embedded... Cette thèse, pour avoir accès à ces exercices supplémentaires Lingolia plus pour avoir accès à exercices... Réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte clues preliminary activity by... The end ' ( indirect interrogative clause another verb like 'ask ' ( or indirect interrogative.. Subordonnée interrogative indirecte ends in a question in an indirect interrogative clauses often! Or she said ) in the indirect interrogative clause introduced with ob directions! Mind: `` what made her do it? très bien ) n'implique pas une question à quelqu'un on... Bien ) n'implique pas une question à quelqu'un, on the contrary, has an,! Pas posée directement à quelqu ’ un dès que certaines journées commencent, on sait qu'elles se passeront!... Separates the main clause can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative form même... Verbe ne sont pas intervertis, ponctuation ) - des changements de temps et pronoms... Accès à ces exercices supplémentaires if is slightly more informal than Whether: we can also use embedded as... Be no question true if 'that ' which introduces noun clauses is the subordinate.. Réponse ( s ’ ) devant les pronoms personnels ma reconnaissance à Florence Lefeuvre, directrice cette. Le ton montant de la même structure que celle de la même structure que celle de la voix marque... That someone else 's, you need to change direct to indirect speech the question-tag is usually at beginning! Them if they had seen my dog pas posées directement à quelqu ’ un tanya ) di akhir kalimatnya Rumus...

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